- 上德如谷，Superior path is as if a new spring
- 大白如辱，understand (the whole story) as if farming
- 广德如不足， establishing the path is not enough
- 建德如输， building the path as to transport/carry
- 质真如渝。 genuine/truly is to change
The true path to change, is like the sprouting of new spring water, channeling of the water is not enough, the pathways must carry the water to the fields, and bring forth (forward) the (to grow/sprout the seeds of) knowledge (understanding).